Are there hidden truths in dreams? Imagine waking up after dreaming about a horrible plane crash. The next day you plan to make a plane journey that you have planned long before. Will you get on the plane? A survey shows that you may not cancel your trip but your dream will probably influence your thoughts just as if there had been a real plane accident. The study says that dreams are a window to the mind and they may influence what we are really doing while we are awake. Until Sigmund Freud published his famous book on "The Interpretation of Dreams" in 1899 we hadn't really thought very much about what dreams mean. Freud called dreams a "path to the unconscious" and for more than a century researchers and scientists have been trying to find out what dreams mean. The interpretation of dreams is still an unclear area. A team of researchers at Harvard University are entering a new field of studies: Do dreams actually influence our behavior? They have conducted studies in different cultures and found out that dreams contain hidden truths. Commuters in Boston, for example, said that dreams affected the way they live and work. 68% said that dreams foretell the future and 63% said that at least one of their dreams have come true. Researchers, however, warn that dreams may also lead to trouble as well. If you dream that your husband or wife is cheating on you, you may be so influenced by this so much that it could cause problems in your relationship or even provoke an affair. 5. Observe the use of the Past Perfect in "your dream will probably influence your thoghts just as if there HAD BEEN a real plane accident." Choose the correct alternative with the same verb tense. a) You look so wet. Had you been swimming? b) She couldn't answer the phone because she had been busy. c) Susan had met Carol while she was shooping. d) She looks paie as if she had seen a ghost. e) While they were playing, they had been injured. 6. Based on the use of verb tenses in the text, choose the alternative which completes the following sentences with the adequate verb forms. "Before you told me, I _____ of such a situation. For many years until this exact moment, I ________________ to avoid such thought". a) Haven't really thought / are trying b) Hadn't really thought / have been trying c) Hadn't really thought / are trying d) Haven't really thought / have been trying e) Hadn't really thought / had been trying 7. The sentence "it could cause problems in your relationship" in the past would be: a) it could caused problems in your relationship. b) it could cause problems in your relationship. c) it could have caused problems in your relationship. d) it can have caused problems in your relationship. e) it could were caused problems in your relationship. 8. Sigmund Freud: a) Found the meanings of dreams. b) Found a connection between dreams and the uncoscious. c) Was worried about how much dreams could change people's lives. d) Was one of first the scientists to study dreams. e) Researched on the effects of bad dreams on people.
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The end of printed newspapers? The newspaper industry is entering a new era. The Seattle Post-Intelligencer has become America's first newspaper to stop printing and become the first newspaper to appear online only. The newspaper was 146 years old, the oldest in Washington State. Only about 20 people work for seattlepi.com , the Internet version of the newspaper. Once over 150 people worked in the newsrooms of Seattle's most famous paper. There is only one daily newspaper left in Seattle, The Times. Many people think that it could follow the Post-Intelligencer by going online only too. Among other big cities in the US, Denver only has one daily newspaper because the Rocky Mountain News closed a few weeks ago. Some newspapers around the US are afraid of going bankrupt. Among these are the Chicago Tribune and the Los Angeles Times. One of the main problems that printed newspapers face today is advertising. Big local newspapers earn a lot of their money with ads. But that market has moved to advertising on the Internet which is either free or costs very little. Another reason is that many newspapers have become bigger and bigger. They have spent too much money expanding and buying up other papers. Newspapers are reducing costs wherever they can. In Detroit daily newspapers are delivering their papers on only three days a week. In Ohio the state's largest newspapers are sharing stories. Almost 8,000 jobs have been lost in the newspaper industry. Newspapers have lost millions of readers in the past years because a new generation of readers has emerged. Much of the news that people get online still comes from newspapers and most of them publish it for free. While newspapers have fewer reporters in big cities and abroad, observers say that they have lost much of their quality. The question is: Will they find a new home on the Internet? Questions 9. The sentence: "Newspapers are reducing costs wherever they can." in the Passive Voice would be: a) Costs have being reduces by newspapers wherever they can. b) Costs have being reduced by newspapers wherever they can. c) Costs are being reduced by newspapers wherever they can. d) Costs are reduced by newspapers wherever they can. e) Costs are reducing by newspapers wherever they can. 10. "Big local newspapers earn A LOT OF their money with ads." The underlined expression may be replaced by: a) A great number of b) Many of c) Lots of d) A lots of e) Much 11. Choose The best question for this sentence: "In Detroit daily newspapers are delivering their papers on only three days a week." a) What are daily newspapers doing in Detroit only three days a week? b) Where do daily newspapers are delivering their papers on only three days a week? c) How often daily newspapers are delivering their papers on in Detroit? d) Who are delivering their papers on only three days a week in Detroit? e) How many days a week do daily newspapers are delivering their papers on in Detroit? 12. The crisis that printed newspapers have been facing can not be explained by: a) Expansion of newspapers. b) Cost of advertising. c) Lower costs of online newspapers. d) Change on reader's preferences. e) The little interest of people in being informed.
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High Hopes for Mineral in Beer May Fall Flat, Despite New Study Feb. 8, 2010 For beer drinkers, a new study that suggests beer is a significant source of a mineral key to maintaining bone density may sound too good to be true. That may well be, say health experts who overwhelmingly agree the the connection may be more wishful thinking than solid science. But that may not stop many brew lovers from viewing the new research as an excuse to order another round. The study of 100 commercial beers in the February issue of the Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture by Charles Bamforth and Troy Casey of the University of California Davis examined the silicon content that results from different ingredients and brewing processes. "Silicon impacts bone mineral density in humans, and supplementing silicon in the diets of osteoporitic women increased bone mineral density," the authors wrote. Thus, they surmise, silicon-rich beer may also help to strengthen bones. Although a press release issued with the study prominently mentioned the link between silicon and bone health, the study itself did not look at bone mineral density or analyze any patient data, according to several researchers contacted by MedPage Today and ABC News. Also, bananas and some grains have high levels of silicon, but for many, beer appears to be the richest source. The authors wrote that they explored the silicon content in beer because the popular beverage has been identified as one of the richest potential sources of dietary silicon in the Western diet. In the study, the authors concluded that "beer is a substantial source of silicon in the diet" and that "beers containing high levels of malted barley and hops are richest in silicon," but they did not attempt to establish a link between beer drinking and bone health. Experts contacted for comment on the study also cautioned the public against establishing any such connection. "To conclude any bone health benefits from this study would require a great leap," said Dr. Tim Byers, deputy director of the University of Colorado Cancer Center in Aurora. Questions 1. The word "Thus" in "Thus they surmise, silicon-rich beer may also help to strengthen bones." can be replaced by: a) However b) Moreover c) Although d) In addition e) Thefore 2. The sentence "did not attempt to establish" shows a verb followed by infinitive form. Choose the alternative in which a verb is correctly followed by an infinitive form. a) He finished to write the letter. b) She enjoyed to go to the party. c) They resisted to eat more. d) She denied to cheat on him. e) He can't afford to buy that car. 3. The sentence "cautioned the public against establishing" contains a verb followed by the preposition "against". Choose the alternative which can be completed with the same preposition: a) He fought _____________ racism his whole life. b) She accused Paul ___________ stealing. c) He was aware ____________ the problems. d) She is looking forward _________ her vacation. e) He reminds me ______________ my father. 4. The pronoum "who" in "health experts who overwhelmingly agree the connection may be more wishful thinking than solid science" can be replaced by: a) Whom b) Which c) Whose d) That e) Where
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